Search Site only in current section. This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported. personal statement writing service internship Ploughing a little-known furrow as a novice researcher is going to be very difficult, and you may find it difficult to get much support or help. You need to be able to demonstrate that you are aware of current issues and research, and to show how your research is relevant within a changing context. The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals.
The thread running through the story is the explanation of why you decided to do the study that you are doing. Staff and students in your area can be good sources of ideas about where to look for relevant literature. thesis writing in delhi uq You can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more focussed further reading.
As you review the references, remember to be a critical reader see Study Guide What is critical reading? For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here. This has the advantage that, when you come to use that example in your writing up, you can choose:. thesis statement examples for 5 paragraph essay This is a comprehensive list of the full references of sources that you have referred to in your writing.
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Staff and students in your area can be good sources of ideas about where to look for relevant literature. It can happen accidentally, for example, if you are careless in your note-taking. So, despite having access to electronic databases and to electronic searching techniques, it can be surprisingly useful to have a pile of journals actually on your desk, and to look through the contents pages, and the individual articles.
EndNote and RefWorks are software packages that you can use to collect and store details of your references, and your comments on them. The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report. Help is available regarding how to avoid plagiarism and it is worth checking it out. They may already have copies of articles that you can work with.
Keeping a record of your search strategy is useful, to prevent you duplicating effort by doing the same search twice, or missing out a significant and relevant sector of literature because you think you have already done that search. To help you do this, you will need to establish a structure to work to. Once you have established your structure you need to outline it for your reader. This can be particularly useful if you find a review article that evaluates other literature in the field. This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text.
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It can give you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process. If you do decide to go ahead, then take extra care designing your research, in the absence of guidance from previous studies. paper writing website printables free It can also be a check for yourself that you have identified enough relevant differences. You can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more focussed further reading. You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking.
It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. You may even want to do both at once. dissertation chapters jobs Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. Referencing and bibliographies , Avoiding plagiarism , Writing a dissertation , What is critical reading?
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They may already have copies of articles that you can work with. Health Services Writing Centre: If you are required to record and present your search strategy, you may be able to include the technical details of the search strategy as an appendix to your thesis. Personal tools Web Editor Log in. As well as using tables to display numerical data, tables can be useful within a literature review when you are comparing other kinds of material.
To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself. This experience is common in PhD study, but it can happen at any level, and can feel as if you have wasted a lot of effort. Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading:. Rudestam and Newton
An electronic search may throw up a huge number of hits, but there are still likely to be other relevant articles that it has not detected. You may also want to make a clear decision about whether to start with a very narrow focus and work outwards, or to start wide before focussing in. One way of doing this is to examine each paragraph in turn, and to write in the margin a very brief summary of the content, and the type of content e. Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. A skill that helps in curtailing the reading is: